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UNITING THE WORLD OF FITNESS
Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Research: Sex equality

Resistance training is just as beneficial for women over the age of 50 as it is for men, according to a new study from the University of New South Wales

Published in Health Club Management 2021 issue 1
The findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50 / Photo: Leszek Glasner/shutterstock
The findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50 / Photo: Leszek Glasner/shutterstock
It’s important for fitness instructors and personal trainers to understand that older women benefit just as much as men from resistance training, in terms of relative improvement, compared to their baseline

Research from the University of New South Wales, Sex differences in adaptations in muscle strength and size following resistance training in older adults – published in Sports Medicine – shows that when undertaking resistance training, both sexes benefit when over the age of 50.

Although men over 50 are likely to gain more absolute muscle size, the gains relative to body size are on a par with women.

For the study, researchers compared muscle mass and strength gains in 651 older men and 759 older women, across 30 different resistance training studies.

The participants were aged between 50 and 90, with most having no prior resistance training experience.

“Historically, people have tended to believe that men adapted to a greater degree from resistance training when compared to women,” said Dr Mandy Hagstrom, senior author of the study. “However, we found no sex differences in changes in relative muscle size or upper body strength.

“The differences we did find, primarily relate to how we look at the data – that is, absolutely or relatively.

“‘Absolute’ looks at the overall gains, while ‘relative’ is a percentage based on their body size.”

Hagstrom adds that the findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50.

“It’s important for trainers to understand that women benefit just as much as men in terms of relative improvement compared to their baseline,” Hagstrom said.

“Older men tended to build bigger muscles when looking at absolute gains and were also more likely to see greater absolute improvements to upper and lower body strength, however, when it came to comparing relative lower body strength, older women saw the biggest increases.

“Our study sheds light on the possibility that we should be programming differently for older men and women to maximise their training benefits.”

The team also conducted a sub-analysis of the literature to see which resistance training techniques gave the best results for each sex.

“Older men might benefit from higher intensity programmes to improve their absolute upper and lower body strength,” says Dr Hagstrom.

“But older women might benefit from higher overall exercise volumes – that is, more weekly repetitions – to increase their relative and absolute lower body strength.”

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2021/272473_738150.jpg
Researchers have found that women over 50 gain the same benefits from strength training as men of the same age
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04-07 Nov 2021
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features

Research: Sex equality

Resistance training is just as beneficial for women over the age of 50 as it is for men, according to a new study from the University of New South Wales

Published in Health Club Management 2021 issue 1
The findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50 / Photo: Leszek Glasner/shutterstock
The findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50 / Photo: Leszek Glasner/shutterstock
It’s important for fitness instructors and personal trainers to understand that older women benefit just as much as men from resistance training, in terms of relative improvement, compared to their baseline

Research from the University of New South Wales, Sex differences in adaptations in muscle strength and size following resistance training in older adults – published in Sports Medicine – shows that when undertaking resistance training, both sexes benefit when over the age of 50.

Although men over 50 are likely to gain more absolute muscle size, the gains relative to body size are on a par with women.

For the study, researchers compared muscle mass and strength gains in 651 older men and 759 older women, across 30 different resistance training studies.

The participants were aged between 50 and 90, with most having no prior resistance training experience.

“Historically, people have tended to believe that men adapted to a greater degree from resistance training when compared to women,” said Dr Mandy Hagstrom, senior author of the study. “However, we found no sex differences in changes in relative muscle size or upper body strength.

“The differences we did find, primarily relate to how we look at the data – that is, absolutely or relatively.

“‘Absolute’ looks at the overall gains, while ‘relative’ is a percentage based on their body size.”

Hagstrom adds that the findings could have significant implications for the way fitness instructors and personal trainers work with female clients over the age of 50.

“It’s important for trainers to understand that women benefit just as much as men in terms of relative improvement compared to their baseline,” Hagstrom said.

“Older men tended to build bigger muscles when looking at absolute gains and were also more likely to see greater absolute improvements to upper and lower body strength, however, when it came to comparing relative lower body strength, older women saw the biggest increases.

“Our study sheds light on the possibility that we should be programming differently for older men and women to maximise their training benefits.”

The team also conducted a sub-analysis of the literature to see which resistance training techniques gave the best results for each sex.

“Older men might benefit from higher intensity programmes to improve their absolute upper and lower body strength,” says Dr Hagstrom.

“But older women might benefit from higher overall exercise volumes – that is, more weekly repetitions – to increase their relative and absolute lower body strength.”

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2021/272473_738150.jpg
Researchers have found that women over 50 gain the same benefits from strength training as men of the same age
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promotion
The UK’s first dedicated leisure development framework has completed its first four-year term with £144m committed investment in public leisure projects.
Opinion: UK’s first leisure framework celebrates £144m investment in public leisure
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: New consumer expectations demand an exceptional customer experience
fibodo believes that providers who meet consumers needs of service, flexibility, richness of content and accessibility will thrive as we build new and different models of working in leisure, health and fitness and across all sports and activities.
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: Gympass platform expands to offer customers access to over 2,600 UK facilities
One of the world’s largest corporate wellbeing platforms Gympass has gained a new partner every month since the start of 2021, taking its total to more than 2,600 bricks and mortar UK gym facilities.
Company profiles
Company profile: Pulse Fitness
With an award-winning portfolio of over 450 pieces of cutting-edge, premium fitness equipment, Pulse Fitness ...
Company profiles
Company profile: Freemotion Fitness
Freemotion Fitness is the global pioneer in fitness equipment and technology, introducing the world to ...
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Directory
Whole body cryotherapy
Art of Cryo: Whole body cryotherapy
Fitness equipment
Precor: Fitness equipment
Trade associations
International SPA Association - iSPA: Trade associations
Wearable technology solutions
MyZone: Wearable technology solutions
Exercise equipment
Power Plate: Exercise equipment
Management software
fibodo Limited: Management software
Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Kemitron GmbH: Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Architects/designers
Zynk Design Consultants: Architects/designers
Red Light Therapy
 Red Light Rising: Red Light Therapy
Salt therapy products
Himalayan Source: Salt therapy products
Property & Tenders
Pendine Sands, Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire County Council
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Diary dates
07-09 Jun 2021
Virtual summit,
Diary dates
12 Jun 2021
Worldwide, Various,
Diary dates
13-14 Jun 2021
Online,
Diary dates
01-04 Jul 2021
Expo Centre & Riviera di Rimini, Italy
Diary dates
18-19 Sep 2021
Locations worldwide,
Diary dates
21-24 Sep 2021
Messe Stuttgart, Germany
Diary dates
28-29 Sep 2021
ExCeL London, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
04-07 Nov 2021
Exhibition Centre , Cologne, Germany
Diary dates
01-07 Dec 2022
tbc, Dunedin, New Zealand
Diary dates
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