Latest
issue
GET HCM
magazine
Sign up for the FREE digital edition of HCM magazine and also get the HCM ezine and breaking news email alerts.
Not right now, thanksclose this window I've already subscribed!
FIBO
FIBO
FIBO
Follow Health Club Management on Twitter Like Health Club Management on Facebook Join the discussion with Health Club Management on LinkedIn Follow Health Club Management on Instagram
FITNESS, HEALTH, WELLNESS

features

Strength training: Bone loading

You may be able to help your members and customers avoid or reverse osteoporosis by encouraging weight bearing activities, as Liz Terry reports

By Liz Terry, Leisure Media | Published in Health Club Management 2019 issue 7
Weight bearing activity is vital for bone health / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity is vital for bone health / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Having strong bones is essential to good health, especially as we get older, enabling us to remain active and with good vitality and quality of life.

Osteoporosis – brittle bones – is a highly debilitating disorder, which can lead to fractures and falls and it’s estimated that one in three women and one in five men will suffer from it in their lifetime and this number is growing as the population ages and people become more sedentary.

However, the good news is that the fitness industry has a big part to play in helping people who are susceptible to this disease to avoid it or lessen its impact.

How does it work?
Doing weight bearing activity is vital in achieving good bone health. The stress that is placed on the bones by exercises such as weight lifting, plyometrics and running stimulates the body to build and maintain strong bones.

It does this because the impact that is generated by exercise compresses the bone matrix, triggering the bone to take in calcium and other minerals and thereby increasing bone density which results in stronger bones.

What load is needed?
The amount of weight bearing that is needed to trigger this response is called osteogenic loading because it takes a certain ‘load’ to stimulate the bone building cells.

This ‘bone loading’ is essential if people are to maintain a healthy skeletal system, and we expect more fitness businesses to add bone loading to their workout options, as the demand for wellness services increases and people are more aware of the need to work hard to ensure a healthy older age.

When it comes to the impact of exercise on bone health, scientists measure activities according to how many multiples of body weight they load onto the skeleton.

A study by Kevin Deere, et al. at the University of Bristol in the UK looked at the bone loading which was needed to stimulate bone mineralisation in teenagers and found the amount of loading required was 4.2 times their body weight*.

This means if you weigh 130 pounds, you need to load your bones with 546 pounds to trigger bone building.

How to load up?
At rest, gravity applies a load to our bones which equals that of our body weight. Activities such as walking, jogging or running add more load, but much higher impact is needed to achieve a load of four times your bodyweight, with weight training, plyometrics or jumping being options.

Although the researchers cautioned the extrapolation of these results into other population groups, the results nevertheless highlight that light exercise is unlikely to be as effective as heavier lifting.

Adding bone loading to your repertoire as an operator or personal trainer will enable you to better serve members and customers, as well as enabling them to take steps to improve their long-term health, longevity and quality of life.

Researchers point out that while exercise such as cycling and swimming have excellent health benefits in areas such as flexibility, strength and cardiovascular capacity, they effectively ‘unload’ the bones, so any gym members who focus exclusively on these types of exercise and are without bone loading in their exercise regime as a result, may be susceptible to osteoporosis and would be advised to add more weight bearing activity to their workout programme.

Another area for consideration is the advice that people get to enable them to make the right exercise choices, as it’s important they avoid overloading and creating other musculoskeletal issues.

It’s advised that anyone with low bone density or osteoporosis works with a fitness professional to ensure that bone loading is done progressively and without causing harm.

* Deere, et al., Habitual levels of high, but not moderate or low, impact activity are positively related to hip BMD and geometry: results from a population-based study of adolescents.

JBMR, Vol. 27, No. 9, September 2012, pp 1887–1895

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22492557

Sign up here to get HCM's weekly ezine and every issue of HCM magazine free on digital.
The impact of weight loading triggers the bone to take in calcium and other minerals / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
The impact of weight loading triggers the bone to take in calcium and other minerals / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity can ensure a healthy older age / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity can ensure a healthy older age / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/imagesX/693650_377285.jpg
Help your members avoid or reverse osteoporosis with weight bearing activity. HCM editor Liz Terry reports...
Liz Terry, Editor, HCM,weight bearing activity, osteoporosis
HCM magazine
Basic-Fit – which has been scaling rapidly across Europe –  is considering franchising to ramp up growth further afield
HCM magazine
Go Fit’s value proposition is overwhelming. It makes us very attractive to a lot of people
HCM magazine
Members are telling us they need support with their mental and spiritual health and the industry is starting to see this need. Now’s the time to fast-track our response
HCM magazine
Egym has announced deals designed to position it for growth acceleration, as Kath Hudson reports
HCM magazine
HCM People

Cristiano Ronaldo

Footballer and entrepreneur
Taking care of your physical and mental health is essential for a fulfilling life
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
We want our future sports centre to act as a co-location for health and wellbeing services, furthering our connections with GP referrals and digital health platforms
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
The New Keiser M3i Studio Bike brings ride data to life to engage and delight members
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
GymNation is pioneering the future of fitness with software specialist Perfect Gym providing a scalable tech platform to power and sustain its growth
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
D2F had updated its brand styling to keep pace with business growth. MD, John Lofting and operations director, Matt Aynsley, explain the rationale
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
Epassi, a provider of workplace wellness benefits, is creating a fitter and more productive workforce, one membership at a time 
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
The partnership between PureGym and Belfast-based supplier BLK BOX is transforming the gym floor
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
Nuffield Health has worked with ServiceSport UK for more than ten years, ensuring the equipment in its clubs is commercially optimised
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
Francesca Cooper-Boden says health assessment services can boost health club retention
HCM promotional features
Sponsored
Operators, prepare to revolutionise the way members connect with personal trainers in your club, with the ground-breaking Brawn platform.
HCM promotional features
Latest News
Recovery, social wellness and longevity were talking points at PerformX recently, tipped by many speakers ...
Latest News
Industry experts are gathering in Cologne for today's European Health & Fitness Forum (EHFF), followed ...
Latest News
Jason Worthy has been appointed group CEO of Myzone to lead the 'next stage of ...
Latest News
John Kersh has announced he is leaving boutique franchisor, Xponential Fitness, after eight years with ...
Latest News
Oxygen Consulting is about to launch its first UK Padel Report, which investigates this fast-growing ...
Latest News
Global publishing outfit, Leisure Media, has announced details of its new annual conference for decision-makers ...
Latest News
Portugese footballer, Cristiano Ronaldo, has launched a health and wellness app that harmonises advice on ...
Latest News
Disturbing new research has found BMI completely fails as an accurate measure of obesity in ...
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: Webinar: Building a new energy future for the leisure sector
As one of the most energy-intensive industries in the UK, leisure facilities face a critical challenge in balancing net zero goals, funding and increased costs.
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: Panatta to showcase innovation at major fitness and bodybuilding events in 2024
Panatta will consolidate its global presence throughout 2024 by attending a host of major industry events around the globe.
Company profiles
Company profile: Elevate
The UK's largest annual trade event dedicated to physical activity, health, and performance...
Company profiles
Company profile: Spivi
Spivi is an immersive fitness gamification platform that helps gym operators to achieve better retention ...
Supplier Showcase
Supplier showcase - Jon Williams
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Featured press releases
Greenwich Leisure Limited press release: ‘Better’ managers get a ‘taste’ for volunteering
The management team from ‘Better’ leisure centres in the Lewisham area is looking for local projects that need a helping hand.
Featured press releases
KeepMe press release: Gymnation appoints Keepme CEO Ian Mullane to board of directors
The fastest growing gym chain based out of the GCC has appointed Keepme’s CEO, Ian Mullane to its board of directors.
Directory
Flooring
Total Vibration Solutions / TVS Sports Surfaces: Flooring
Snowroom
TechnoAlpin SpA: Snowroom
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
Cryotherapy
Art of Cryo: Cryotherapy
salt therapy products
Saltability: salt therapy products
Lockers
Fitlockers: Lockers
Property & Tenders
Loughton, IG10
Knight Frank
Property & Tenders
Grantham, Leicestershire
Belvoir Castle
Property & Tenders
Diary dates
11-14 Apr 2024
Exhibition Centre , Cologne, Germany
Diary dates
22-24 Apr 2024
Galgorm Resort, York,
Diary dates
10-12 May 2024
China Import & Export Fair Complex, Guangzhou, China
Diary dates
23-24 May 2024
Large Hall of the Chamber of Commerce (Erbprinzenpalais), Wiesbaden, Germany
Diary dates
30 May - 02 Jun 2024
Rimini Exhibition Center, Rimini, Italy
Diary dates
08-08 Jun 2024
Worldwide, Various,
Diary dates
11-13 Jun 2024
Raffles City Convention Centre, Singapore, Singapore
Diary dates
12-13 Jun 2024
ExCeL London, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
03-05 Sep 2024
IMPACT Exhibition Center, Bangkok, Thailand
Diary dates
19-19 Sep 2024
The Salil Hotel Riverside - Bangkok, Bangkok 10120, Thailand
Diary dates
01-04 Oct 2024
REVĪVŌ Wellness Resort Nusa Dua Bali, Kabupaten Badung, Indonesia
Diary dates
22-25 Oct 2024
Messe Stuttgart, Germany
Diary dates
24-24 Oct 2024
QEII Conference Centre, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
04-07 Nov 2024
In person, St Andrews, United Kingdom
Diary dates

features

Strength training: Bone loading

You may be able to help your members and customers avoid or reverse osteoporosis by encouraging weight bearing activities, as Liz Terry reports

By Liz Terry, Leisure Media | Published in Health Club Management 2019 issue 7
Weight bearing activity is vital for bone health / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity is vital for bone health / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Having strong bones is essential to good health, especially as we get older, enabling us to remain active and with good vitality and quality of life.

Osteoporosis – brittle bones – is a highly debilitating disorder, which can lead to fractures and falls and it’s estimated that one in three women and one in five men will suffer from it in their lifetime and this number is growing as the population ages and people become more sedentary.

However, the good news is that the fitness industry has a big part to play in helping people who are susceptible to this disease to avoid it or lessen its impact.

How does it work?
Doing weight bearing activity is vital in achieving good bone health. The stress that is placed on the bones by exercises such as weight lifting, plyometrics and running stimulates the body to build and maintain strong bones.

It does this because the impact that is generated by exercise compresses the bone matrix, triggering the bone to take in calcium and other minerals and thereby increasing bone density which results in stronger bones.

What load is needed?
The amount of weight bearing that is needed to trigger this response is called osteogenic loading because it takes a certain ‘load’ to stimulate the bone building cells.

This ‘bone loading’ is essential if people are to maintain a healthy skeletal system, and we expect more fitness businesses to add bone loading to their workout options, as the demand for wellness services increases and people are more aware of the need to work hard to ensure a healthy older age.

When it comes to the impact of exercise on bone health, scientists measure activities according to how many multiples of body weight they load onto the skeleton.

A study by Kevin Deere, et al. at the University of Bristol in the UK looked at the bone loading which was needed to stimulate bone mineralisation in teenagers and found the amount of loading required was 4.2 times their body weight*.

This means if you weigh 130 pounds, you need to load your bones with 546 pounds to trigger bone building.

How to load up?
At rest, gravity applies a load to our bones which equals that of our body weight. Activities such as walking, jogging or running add more load, but much higher impact is needed to achieve a load of four times your bodyweight, with weight training, plyometrics or jumping being options.

Although the researchers cautioned the extrapolation of these results into other population groups, the results nevertheless highlight that light exercise is unlikely to be as effective as heavier lifting.

Adding bone loading to your repertoire as an operator or personal trainer will enable you to better serve members and customers, as well as enabling them to take steps to improve their long-term health, longevity and quality of life.

Researchers point out that while exercise such as cycling and swimming have excellent health benefits in areas such as flexibility, strength and cardiovascular capacity, they effectively ‘unload’ the bones, so any gym members who focus exclusively on these types of exercise and are without bone loading in their exercise regime as a result, may be susceptible to osteoporosis and would be advised to add more weight bearing activity to their workout programme.

Another area for consideration is the advice that people get to enable them to make the right exercise choices, as it’s important they avoid overloading and creating other musculoskeletal issues.

It’s advised that anyone with low bone density or osteoporosis works with a fitness professional to ensure that bone loading is done progressively and without causing harm.

* Deere, et al., Habitual levels of high, but not moderate or low, impact activity are positively related to hip BMD and geometry: results from a population-based study of adolescents.

JBMR, Vol. 27, No. 9, September 2012, pp 1887–1895

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22492557

Sign up here to get HCM's weekly ezine and every issue of HCM magazine free on digital.
The impact of weight loading triggers the bone to take in calcium and other minerals / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
The impact of weight loading triggers the bone to take in calcium and other minerals / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity can ensure a healthy older age / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Weight bearing activity can ensure a healthy older age / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/imagesX/693650_377285.jpg
Help your members avoid or reverse osteoporosis with weight bearing activity. HCM editor Liz Terry reports...
Liz Terry, Editor, HCM,weight bearing activity, osteoporosis
Latest News
Recovery, social wellness and longevity were talking points at PerformX recently, tipped by many speakers ...
Latest News
Industry experts are gathering in Cologne for today's European Health & Fitness Forum (EHFF), followed ...
Latest News
Jason Worthy has been appointed group CEO of Myzone to lead the 'next stage of ...
Latest News
John Kersh has announced he is leaving boutique franchisor, Xponential Fitness, after eight years with ...
Latest News
Oxygen Consulting is about to launch its first UK Padel Report, which investigates this fast-growing ...
Latest News
Global publishing outfit, Leisure Media, has announced details of its new annual conference for decision-makers ...
Latest News
Portugese footballer, Cristiano Ronaldo, has launched a health and wellness app that harmonises advice on ...
Latest News
Disturbing new research has found BMI completely fails as an accurate measure of obesity in ...
Latest News
A new urban city centre in Gothenburg, Sweden is in development with the aim of ...
Latest News
The first annual Private Sector Benchmarking report was released today (27 March). A collaboration between ...
Latest News
Egym, has signalled its intention to become a dominant force in the corporate wellness sector ...
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: Webinar: Building a new energy future for the leisure sector
As one of the most energy-intensive industries in the UK, leisure facilities face a critical challenge in balancing net zero goals, funding and increased costs.
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier news: Panatta to showcase innovation at major fitness and bodybuilding events in 2024
Panatta will consolidate its global presence throughout 2024 by attending a host of major industry events around the globe.
Company profiles
Company profile: Elevate
The UK's largest annual trade event dedicated to physical activity, health, and performance...
Company profiles
Company profile: Spivi
Spivi is an immersive fitness gamification platform that helps gym operators to achieve better retention ...
Supplier Showcase
Supplier showcase - Jon Williams
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Featured press releases
Greenwich Leisure Limited press release: ‘Better’ managers get a ‘taste’ for volunteering
The management team from ‘Better’ leisure centres in the Lewisham area is looking for local projects that need a helping hand.
Featured press releases
KeepMe press release: Gymnation appoints Keepme CEO Ian Mullane to board of directors
The fastest growing gym chain based out of the GCC has appointed Keepme’s CEO, Ian Mullane to its board of directors.
Directory
Flooring
Total Vibration Solutions / TVS Sports Surfaces: Flooring
Snowroom
TechnoAlpin SpA: Snowroom
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
Cryotherapy
Art of Cryo: Cryotherapy
salt therapy products
Saltability: salt therapy products
Lockers
Fitlockers: Lockers
Property & Tenders
Loughton, IG10
Knight Frank
Property & Tenders
Grantham, Leicestershire
Belvoir Castle
Property & Tenders
Diary dates
11-14 Apr 2024
Exhibition Centre , Cologne, Germany
Diary dates
22-24 Apr 2024
Galgorm Resort, York,
Diary dates
10-12 May 2024
China Import & Export Fair Complex, Guangzhou, China
Diary dates
23-24 May 2024
Large Hall of the Chamber of Commerce (Erbprinzenpalais), Wiesbaden, Germany
Diary dates
30 May - 02 Jun 2024
Rimini Exhibition Center, Rimini, Italy
Diary dates
08-08 Jun 2024
Worldwide, Various,
Diary dates
11-13 Jun 2024
Raffles City Convention Centre, Singapore, Singapore
Diary dates
12-13 Jun 2024
ExCeL London, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
03-05 Sep 2024
IMPACT Exhibition Center, Bangkok, Thailand
Diary dates
19-19 Sep 2024
The Salil Hotel Riverside - Bangkok, Bangkok 10120, Thailand
Diary dates
01-04 Oct 2024
REVĪVŌ Wellness Resort Nusa Dua Bali, Kabupaten Badung, Indonesia
Diary dates
22-25 Oct 2024
Messe Stuttgart, Germany
Diary dates
24-24 Oct 2024
QEII Conference Centre, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
04-07 Nov 2024
In person, St Andrews, United Kingdom
Diary dates
Search news, features & products:
Find a supplier:
FIBO
FIBO
Partner sites