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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Twin talk

A new study has focused on the impact of exercise on 10 sets of twins – where one twin is physically active and the other leads a sedentary lifestyle

By Katie Barnes, Spa Business | Published in Health Club Management 2015 issue 5
Brain scans showed the physically active had a higher volume of grey matter / shutterstock.com/Samo Trebizan
Brain scans showed the physically active had a higher volume of grey matter/ shutterstock.com/Samo Trebizan

A small but significant study of identical twins* who did the same levels of activity as kids, but developed different exercise habits later in life, has provided interesting insights into the effects that exercise has on people’s health.

Twins are valuable for research as they share the same DNA – and it’s our genes that determine our capacity and willingness to work out, as well as how our bodies react. In this case, the twins also had a similar upbringing.

FitFatTwin study
The so-called ‘FitFatTwin’ study, by the University of Jyväskylä in Finland, was based on 10 pairs of identical twin men aged 32–36. One twin exercised two or more times a week, while his brother only exercised two times a month or less. But both still had similar diets.

Over the course of three years, extensive physical measurements were recorded in the twins, including fitness levels, body composition and glucose levels/insulin sensitivity.

Brain scans were also conduced – a novel aim of the study was to analyse the difference in grey matter.

Active vs non-active
As expected, the study found the active twins had better cardiovascular fitness. Similar associations were not found for muscular strength, however, which was put down to the fact that participants mostly took part in aerobic sport.

Although the inactive twins weighed only slightly more, their percentage of body fat was “markedly higher”.

So far so unsurprising, but the university researchers also found insulin and glucose biomarkers which suggested the inactive twins had a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

When analysing the brain scans, the researchers also found an “extensive difference” in the volume of grey matter in favour of the physically active. The parts of the brain associated with co-ordination, motor control and cognitive function were particularly affected, the study showed.

*Kujala UM et al. Physical activity, fitness, glucose homeostasis, and brain morphology in twins. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. March 2015

http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/696831_472980.jpg
Research among twins shows how exercise actually grows your brain
People
HCM people

Elodie Garamond

Le Tigre: founder
We now have eight sites and offer retreats, such as a retreat in a Moroccan palace and a French chateaux-based yin yoga and writing retreat
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Empowering our instructors is our next big task. This is an incredibly dedicated, loyal group of people and there’s a big opportunity to do something very special with them
People
Jimmy had the brilliant idea to put the logos of all of the current cycling brands in and around NYC onto a piece of paper and we handed it to the investor at the end of our presentation. Then we handed a blank piece of paper and referenced that this was the current number of cool fitness concepts in the world and how we would like the investor to help us fill that page. A day later he wrote us a cheque
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Featured supplier: The secrets to designing a stand-out fitness studio
The design and construction of a group fitness or exercise studio can have a big impact on the success of your gym.
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Click on a catalogue to view it online
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Property & Tenders
Diary dates
21-22 Sep 2019
Locations worldwide,
Diary dates
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JW Marriott Turnberry Resort & Spa, Miami, United States
Diary dates

features

Twin talk

A new study has focused on the impact of exercise on 10 sets of twins – where one twin is physically active and the other leads a sedentary lifestyle

By Katie Barnes, Spa Business | Published in Health Club Management 2015 issue 5
Brain scans showed the physically active had a higher volume of grey matter / shutterstock.com/Samo Trebizan
Brain scans showed the physically active had a higher volume of grey matter/ shutterstock.com/Samo Trebizan

A small but significant study of identical twins* who did the same levels of activity as kids, but developed different exercise habits later in life, has provided interesting insights into the effects that exercise has on people’s health.

Twins are valuable for research as they share the same DNA – and it’s our genes that determine our capacity and willingness to work out, as well as how our bodies react. In this case, the twins also had a similar upbringing.

FitFatTwin study
The so-called ‘FitFatTwin’ study, by the University of Jyväskylä in Finland, was based on 10 pairs of identical twin men aged 32–36. One twin exercised two or more times a week, while his brother only exercised two times a month or less. But both still had similar diets.

Over the course of three years, extensive physical measurements were recorded in the twins, including fitness levels, body composition and glucose levels/insulin sensitivity.

Brain scans were also conduced – a novel aim of the study was to analyse the difference in grey matter.

Active vs non-active
As expected, the study found the active twins had better cardiovascular fitness. Similar associations were not found for muscular strength, however, which was put down to the fact that participants mostly took part in aerobic sport.

Although the inactive twins weighed only slightly more, their percentage of body fat was “markedly higher”.

So far so unsurprising, but the university researchers also found insulin and glucose biomarkers which suggested the inactive twins had a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

When analysing the brain scans, the researchers also found an “extensive difference” in the volume of grey matter in favour of the physically active. The parts of the brain associated with co-ordination, motor control and cognitive function were particularly affected, the study showed.

*Kujala UM et al. Physical activity, fitness, glucose homeostasis, and brain morphology in twins. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. March 2015

http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/696831_472980.jpg
Research among twins shows how exercise actually grows your brain
Latest News
Healthcare charity Nuffield Health has partnered with equipment giant Technogym to launch a dedicated fitness ...
Latest News
Digme Fitness is expanding its portfolio with the opening of a studio in Ealing, London. ...
Latest News
A Deloitte report has suggested that getting involved in corporate wellness programmes could offer health ...
Latest News
New science has revealed a potential solution to age-related diseases which works on a systemic ...
Latest News
Nightclub-themed boutique boxing studio operator Kobox has opened its third London location in Baker Street, ...
Latest News
A nation divided by Brexit could be united by diverting focus to a "more pressing ...
Latest News
Global boutique fitness giant Xponential Fitness has appointed Michael Abramson, president of D1 Sports Training, ...
Latest News
Physical fitness has been associated with better brain structure and brain functioning in adults. The ...
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The UK fitness industry should make a concerted effort to highlight the importance of strength ...
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Saudi Arabia-based Leejam Sports Company has appointed former Bannatyne Group chief executive Justin Musgrove as ...
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Disability organisation Purple has claimed that health club operators and gyms are losing "millions of ...
Job search
POST YOUR JOB
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier: The secrets to designing a stand-out fitness studio
The design and construction of a group fitness or exercise studio can have a big impact on the success of your gym.
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier: Join FitNation - the new fitness congress about innovation
FitNation, the new premier event about innovation in the fitness industry, will kick-off in Amsterdam on 4 October.
Company profiles
Company profile: EXF Fitness
EXF offer so much more than modular systems and pick and mix installations, they don’t ...
Company profiles
Company profile: Jordan Fitness
Jordan Fitness have been at the forefront of premium gym design, with a strong reputation ...
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Directory
Lockers/interior design
Fitlockers: Lockers/interior design
Fitness equipment
Physical Company Ltd: Fitness equipment
Management software
GymSales: Management software
Trade associations
International SPA Association - iSPA: Trade associations
Whole body cryotherapy
Zimmer MedizinSysteme GmbH / icelab: Whole body cryotherapy
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
Exercise equipment
EXF Fitness Equipment: Exercise equipment
Governing body
EMD UK: Governing body
Locking solutions
Ojmar: Locking solutions
Direct debit solutions
Harlands Group: Direct debit solutions
Property & Tenders
Diary dates
21-22 Sep 2019
Locations worldwide,
Diary dates
23-26 Sep 2019
JW Marriott Turnberry Resort & Spa, Miami, United States
Diary dates
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