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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Research: India emerges

New research from Deloitte China and IHRSA shows the market for health and fitness in India is starting to grow, as Kirsten Walsh reports

By Kristen Walsh, IHRSA | Published in Health Club Management 2019 issue 4
 / 9nong/SHUTTERSTOCK
/ 9nong/SHUTTERSTOCK
With a population exceeding one billion, the health club industry in India is in a unique position to serve the health and fitness needs of Indian consumers

With a population exceeding 1 billion, the health club industry in India is in a strong position to serve the health and fitness needs of consumers,” says John Holsinger, IHRSA’s director of the Asia-Pacific.

In efforts to grow the industry in India, the United Health & Fitness Forum (UHFF) was formed in 2016. Led by the top club operators, UHFF and its members organise events such as training workshops, bootcamps, walkathons, and group exercise classes, along with other health and fitness initiatives.

According to The IHRSA Indian Health Club Report, published recently, India ranks fifth in market size among Asia-Pacific health club markets, and there’s room for continued growth.

Produced in collaboration with Deloitte China, the research contains an in-depth analysis of the fitness industry in India, along with a snapshot of the country’s leading health club companies.

Home to one of the global economic powers, the health club market in India is one of the largest in the Asia-Pacific region.

India ranks fifth in market size among Asia-Pacific markets at US$821m in annual revenue, according to the report.

The number of health club locations ranks third, with 3,813 sites, while the country’s two million members rank fifth.

Opportunities remain for the industry in India, as the country has the lowest member penetration rate in the Asia-Pacific region.

Club Types
The fitness club market in India is highly fragmented. Chained top-10 organised players comprise only 15-20 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of clubs. Independent players that are mostly smaller businesses make up the rest of the market.

Commercial fitness clubs can be categorised into three segments:

High-end premium
High-end health clubs account for approximately 5 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of locations and include operators such as Fitness First and Ozone Clubs, which are over 600sq m in size.

Clubs in the high-end premium sector charge membership fees of over US$800.

Mid-market
These gyms account for approximately 25 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of clubs and include fitness chains such as Talwalkars, Snap Fitness, and Anytime Fitness, which have an average club size of 300-500 sq m. Clubs categorised in the mid-market sector charge annual memberships of US$350-400.

Low-cost
The remaining 60-70 per cent of clubs are primarily standalone and under 200sq m. They typically charge less than US$200 for an annual membership.

Other gyms
Despite the growth of the hospitality industry in India, hotel gyms don’t pose direct competition to commercial clubs, as they mainly serve hotel guests and focus on spa and swimming services.

Public gyms located in community centres are mostly equipped with low-end facilities and are not comparable to commercial clubs, and have, therefore, been excluded from this study.

Penetration Rate
Even with considerable growth over the past decade, the market in India is still relatively immature compared to other countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

India’s fitness market currently has a penetration rate of 0.15 per cent. Furthermore, penetration rates are significantly higher in tier-one cities, such as Delhi and Mumbai, than in tier-two and -three cities such as Hyderabad and Ahmedabad, where fitness awareness and spending power are much lower.

Target Demographics
In the Indian fitness club market, the target audience consists mainly of younger consumers between the ages of 20 and 40 who account for around 70 per cent of members and are more focused on staying fit and looking good than their elders.
The majority of club memberships are purchased by working-class professionals, while students also constitute a significant group of consumers.

Though traditionally overlooked, women have become more actively involved in weight-management and fitness training and account for approximately 40 per cent of the total membership.

Retention rates are low in the Indian fitness club market. From a cultural standpoint, members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved and have yet to see it as a lifestyle to be maintained. Once the primary fitness goal is achieved, they tend to drop out at the end of the membership. As a result, the dropout rate tends to be around 70-80 per cent, according to industry estimates.

As the majority of members belong to low- and mid-end fitness clubs, value-for-money is a primary consideration for customers. Meanwhile, Indian consumers are reluctant to commute a great distance to a fitness club, due to the lack of developed transport infrastructure.

Membership Plans
Annual contracts are the most common membership plan in the market and account for over 80 per cent of all membership sales at conventional clubs.
Monthly, quarterly and semi-annual memberships are also available, but are less popular. Multi-year membership contracts offered at a significant discount rate are generally uncommon.

The majority of fitness clubs require an upfront lump sum membership payment with credit card, debit card, or cash. Monthly payment is generally not accepted, although customers may choose to arrange a monthly loan with their financial institutions for club membership payment.

Some fitness clubs have started to utilise Paytm, an Indian mobile payment platform, to process payments.

At average mid-end clubs in India, 10-15 per cent of members hire personal trainers. At a high-end fitness club, such as Fitness First, where members have higher purchasing power, this ratio could be over 20 per cent. In cities such as Delhi and Mumbai, personal trainers typically charge $100-$250 (USD) for 12 sessions over a one-month period.

Revenue generated from personal training typically accounts for 20-25 per cent of a club’s total revenue, and merchandising contributes less than 2 per cent, while the majority of fees (75-80 per cent) are derived from membership sales.

Club Locations
Large urban cities, known as metros in India, have fostered the fitness culture among urban residents and have become thriving hotbeds that attract fitness club chains to expand their footprints and establish state-of-the-art clubs.

Chain commercial fitness clubs are concentrated in the top eight metros of India, including Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune and Ahmedabad.

While market growth is expected to continue in these metros, high real estate rental costs will influence the established players to shift their focus to the suburban areas of metros and tier-two and -three cities. In these areas, the fitness trend is also burgeoning and the market is highly underpenetrated and currently dominated by local mid- and low-end standalone clubs.

The mid- to high-end segment is projected to grow in these cities as disposable income increases.

In terms of locations, most mid- and low-end fitness clubs are sited in residential neighborhoods to serve a larger population – usually in a catchment area within a radius of one to three kilometers.

Conversely, high-end fitness clubs are generally located in shopping malls or business districts for enhanced accessibility and visibility. Where real estate is available, competitors tend to be clustered into certain areas to compete for wealthy customers in the region.

INDIA HEALTH CLUB MARKET

Number of members 2m

Number of clubs 3,813

Number of clubs $821m

INDIA HEALTH CLUB MARKET

Get The IHRSA Indian Health Club Report, Contact store@ihrsa.org or call +1 (617) 951-0055

John Holsinger
John Holsinger
Women have become more actively involved in weight management and fitness / PHOTO: StockImageFactory/SHUTTERSTOCK
Women have become more actively involved in weight management and fitness / PHOTO: StockImageFactory/SHUTTERSTOCK
Members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved rather than a lifestyle to be maintained / PHOTO: Prostock-studio/SHUTTERSTOCK
Members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved rather than a lifestyle to be maintained / PHOTO: Prostock-studio/SHUTTERSTOCK
http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/imagesX/305832_339415.jpg
New research from IHRSA and Deloitte China shows the fitness market in India – which currently has a penetration rate of 1.5 per cent – is poised for growth
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Diary dates
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Diary dates

features

Research: India emerges

New research from Deloitte China and IHRSA shows the market for health and fitness in India is starting to grow, as Kirsten Walsh reports

By Kristen Walsh, IHRSA | Published in Health Club Management 2019 issue 4
 / 9nong/SHUTTERSTOCK
/ 9nong/SHUTTERSTOCK
With a population exceeding one billion, the health club industry in India is in a unique position to serve the health and fitness needs of Indian consumers

With a population exceeding 1 billion, the health club industry in India is in a strong position to serve the health and fitness needs of consumers,” says John Holsinger, IHRSA’s director of the Asia-Pacific.

In efforts to grow the industry in India, the United Health & Fitness Forum (UHFF) was formed in 2016. Led by the top club operators, UHFF and its members organise events such as training workshops, bootcamps, walkathons, and group exercise classes, along with other health and fitness initiatives.

According to The IHRSA Indian Health Club Report, published recently, India ranks fifth in market size among Asia-Pacific health club markets, and there’s room for continued growth.

Produced in collaboration with Deloitte China, the research contains an in-depth analysis of the fitness industry in India, along with a snapshot of the country’s leading health club companies.

Home to one of the global economic powers, the health club market in India is one of the largest in the Asia-Pacific region.

India ranks fifth in market size among Asia-Pacific markets at US$821m in annual revenue, according to the report.

The number of health club locations ranks third, with 3,813 sites, while the country’s two million members rank fifth.

Opportunities remain for the industry in India, as the country has the lowest member penetration rate in the Asia-Pacific region.

Club Types
The fitness club market in India is highly fragmented. Chained top-10 organised players comprise only 15-20 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of clubs. Independent players that are mostly smaller businesses make up the rest of the market.

Commercial fitness clubs can be categorised into three segments:

High-end premium
High-end health clubs account for approximately 5 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of locations and include operators such as Fitness First and Ozone Clubs, which are over 600sq m in size.

Clubs in the high-end premium sector charge membership fees of over US$800.

Mid-market
These gyms account for approximately 25 per cent of the overall market in terms of number of clubs and include fitness chains such as Talwalkars, Snap Fitness, and Anytime Fitness, which have an average club size of 300-500 sq m. Clubs categorised in the mid-market sector charge annual memberships of US$350-400.

Low-cost
The remaining 60-70 per cent of clubs are primarily standalone and under 200sq m. They typically charge less than US$200 for an annual membership.

Other gyms
Despite the growth of the hospitality industry in India, hotel gyms don’t pose direct competition to commercial clubs, as they mainly serve hotel guests and focus on spa and swimming services.

Public gyms located in community centres are mostly equipped with low-end facilities and are not comparable to commercial clubs, and have, therefore, been excluded from this study.

Penetration Rate
Even with considerable growth over the past decade, the market in India is still relatively immature compared to other countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

India’s fitness market currently has a penetration rate of 0.15 per cent. Furthermore, penetration rates are significantly higher in tier-one cities, such as Delhi and Mumbai, than in tier-two and -three cities such as Hyderabad and Ahmedabad, where fitness awareness and spending power are much lower.

Target Demographics
In the Indian fitness club market, the target audience consists mainly of younger consumers between the ages of 20 and 40 who account for around 70 per cent of members and are more focused on staying fit and looking good than their elders.
The majority of club memberships are purchased by working-class professionals, while students also constitute a significant group of consumers.

Though traditionally overlooked, women have become more actively involved in weight-management and fitness training and account for approximately 40 per cent of the total membership.

Retention rates are low in the Indian fitness club market. From a cultural standpoint, members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved and have yet to see it as a lifestyle to be maintained. Once the primary fitness goal is achieved, they tend to drop out at the end of the membership. As a result, the dropout rate tends to be around 70-80 per cent, according to industry estimates.

As the majority of members belong to low- and mid-end fitness clubs, value-for-money is a primary consideration for customers. Meanwhile, Indian consumers are reluctant to commute a great distance to a fitness club, due to the lack of developed transport infrastructure.

Membership Plans
Annual contracts are the most common membership plan in the market and account for over 80 per cent of all membership sales at conventional clubs.
Monthly, quarterly and semi-annual memberships are also available, but are less popular. Multi-year membership contracts offered at a significant discount rate are generally uncommon.

The majority of fitness clubs require an upfront lump sum membership payment with credit card, debit card, or cash. Monthly payment is generally not accepted, although customers may choose to arrange a monthly loan with their financial institutions for club membership payment.

Some fitness clubs have started to utilise Paytm, an Indian mobile payment platform, to process payments.

At average mid-end clubs in India, 10-15 per cent of members hire personal trainers. At a high-end fitness club, such as Fitness First, where members have higher purchasing power, this ratio could be over 20 per cent. In cities such as Delhi and Mumbai, personal trainers typically charge $100-$250 (USD) for 12 sessions over a one-month period.

Revenue generated from personal training typically accounts for 20-25 per cent of a club’s total revenue, and merchandising contributes less than 2 per cent, while the majority of fees (75-80 per cent) are derived from membership sales.

Club Locations
Large urban cities, known as metros in India, have fostered the fitness culture among urban residents and have become thriving hotbeds that attract fitness club chains to expand their footprints and establish state-of-the-art clubs.

Chain commercial fitness clubs are concentrated in the top eight metros of India, including Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune and Ahmedabad.

While market growth is expected to continue in these metros, high real estate rental costs will influence the established players to shift their focus to the suburban areas of metros and tier-two and -three cities. In these areas, the fitness trend is also burgeoning and the market is highly underpenetrated and currently dominated by local mid- and low-end standalone clubs.

The mid- to high-end segment is projected to grow in these cities as disposable income increases.

In terms of locations, most mid- and low-end fitness clubs are sited in residential neighborhoods to serve a larger population – usually in a catchment area within a radius of one to three kilometers.

Conversely, high-end fitness clubs are generally located in shopping malls or business districts for enhanced accessibility and visibility. Where real estate is available, competitors tend to be clustered into certain areas to compete for wealthy customers in the region.

INDIA HEALTH CLUB MARKET

Number of members 2m

Number of clubs 3,813

Number of clubs $821m

INDIA HEALTH CLUB MARKET

Get The IHRSA Indian Health Club Report, Contact store@ihrsa.org or call +1 (617) 951-0055

John Holsinger
John Holsinger
Women have become more actively involved in weight management and fitness / PHOTO: StockImageFactory/SHUTTERSTOCK
Women have become more actively involved in weight management and fitness / PHOTO: StockImageFactory/SHUTTERSTOCK
Members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved rather than a lifestyle to be maintained / PHOTO: Prostock-studio/SHUTTERSTOCK
Members treat fitness as a goal to be achieved rather than a lifestyle to be maintained / PHOTO: Prostock-studio/SHUTTERSTOCK
http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/imagesX/305832_339415.jpg
New research from IHRSA and Deloitte China shows the fitness market in India – which currently has a penetration rate of 1.5 per cent – is poised for growth
Latest News
Fitness subscription platform ClassPass has appointed a UK general manager as it looks to grow ...
Latest News
Bannatyne Group has named Karen Wilkinson to the board of Bannatyne Fitness. The appointment comes ...
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Latest News
Regular exercise, a balanced diet, quitting smoking and cutting down on alcohol are the best ...
Latest News
The best class instructors earn the best salaries the market offers, bringing enhanced value to ...
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Featured supplier news
Featured supplier: Solent University’s brand new Sports Centre receives high performance flooring and functional rig solutions from EXF
Leading bespoke fitness equipment manufacturer, EXF Fitness has recently completed an installation project at Solent University in Southampton.
Featured supplier news
Featured supplier: New London PT facility partners with Eleiko
WE11, a luxury co-working studio for wellness professionals, is a stunning facility with a fully equipped gym, treatment rooms, changing rooms and The WE11 Lounge.
Opinion
promotion
Member retention is a growing problem for long-established gym chains, who are battling the growing budget and boutique gym market.
Opinion: Are you trying to beat budget gyms at their own game?
Video Gallery
TRX MAPS
TRX Training
TRX MAPS completes body movement assessments in just 30 seconds to help trainers develop personalized fitness plans and goals for members. Read more
More videos:
Company profiles
Company profile: Escape Fitness Limited
Founded in 1998, Escape Fitness has built a reputation for innovation, quality and design as ...
Company profiles
Company profile: Pavigym
PAVIGYM is the premier innovator of flooring and interactive solutions for the global fitness industry....
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Directory
Skincare
Sothys: Skincare
Governing body
EMD UK: Governing body
Professional services
Deloitte UK: Professional services
Member access schemes
Move GB: Member access schemes
Audio visual
Hutchison Technologies: Audio visual
Fitness equipment
Shapewatch: Fitness equipment
Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Kemitron GmbH: Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Flooring
Total Vibration Solutions Ltd: Flooring
Lockers/interior design
Fitlockers: Lockers/interior design
Architects/designers
Zynk Design Consultants: Architects/designers
Property & Tenders
Diary dates
23-25 Jul 2019
Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Australia
Diary dates
05-06 Sep 2019
TagusPark, Oeiras, Portugal
Diary dates
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STA-Swimming Teachers Association
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