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UNITING THE WORLD OF FITNESS
Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Research: Exercise reduces risk of disease by changing DNA

Changes to DNA which occur during exercise give protection against a wide range of diseases, according to new research from the Univesity of Copenhagen

Published in Health Club Management 2021 issue 8
Scientists found regular exercise drives positive epigenetic changes in the body / wavebreak media /shutterstock
Scientists found regular exercise drives positive epigenetic changes in the body / wavebreak media /shutterstock
The beneficial changes to the brain – prompted by exercise – protect against the development of various diseases due to signals release by muscles into the bloodstream

Researchers have established that regular exercise changes the DNA of skeletal muscle cells, reducing the risk of disease by driving epigenetic changes in the body.

The finding comes from a study by the University of Copenhagen which reveals how exercise remodels the DNA in skeletal muscle, so new signals are established to keep the body healthy.

While it’s known that regular physical exercise decreases the risk of virtually all chronic illnesses, the mechanisms at play have not been fully understood. The discovery suggests the beneficial effects of physical exercise may – in part – come from the epigenetic changes they prompt.

The research team studied a group of healthy young men through a six-week endurance exercise programme.

A biopsy of participants’ thigh muscle was collected before and after the exercise intervention and examined to see whether changes in the epigenetic signature of their DNA occurred as a result of training.

Structure of muscle
Scientists discovered that after completing the endurance training programme, the structure of many enhancers in the skeletal muscle had been altered.

By connecting these enhancers to series of genetic databases, they discovered that many of the regulated enhancers have already been identified by researchers as ‘hotspots’ that have been associated with human disease. These beneficial changes – prompted by exercise – are thought to protect against the development of various diseases.

Brain benefits
The researchers also found that exercise benefited organs that are distant from muscle, such as the brain – they speculate that these additional benefits might have come about as a result of signals released by muscles into the bloodstream.

Epigenetic links
Kristine Williams, lead author of the study, said: “Our data provide evidence of a functional link between epigenetic rewiring of enhancers to control their activity after exercise training and the modulation of disease risk in humans.”

The research was published in the journal Molecular Metabolism.

Professor Romain Barrès, senior author, added: “Our findings provide a mechanism for the known beneficial effects of exercise.

“By connecting each enhancer with a gene, we further provide a list of direct targets that could mediate this effect.”

More: www.HCMmag.com/epigenetic

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2021/26667_490676.jpg
Researchers have established that regular exercise changes the DNA of skeletal muscle cells, reducing the risk of disease
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features

Research: Exercise reduces risk of disease by changing DNA

Changes to DNA which occur during exercise give protection against a wide range of diseases, according to new research from the Univesity of Copenhagen

Published in Health Club Management 2021 issue 8
Scientists found regular exercise drives positive epigenetic changes in the body / wavebreak media /shutterstock
Scientists found regular exercise drives positive epigenetic changes in the body / wavebreak media /shutterstock
The beneficial changes to the brain – prompted by exercise – protect against the development of various diseases due to signals release by muscles into the bloodstream

Researchers have established that regular exercise changes the DNA of skeletal muscle cells, reducing the risk of disease by driving epigenetic changes in the body.

The finding comes from a study by the University of Copenhagen which reveals how exercise remodels the DNA in skeletal muscle, so new signals are established to keep the body healthy.

While it’s known that regular physical exercise decreases the risk of virtually all chronic illnesses, the mechanisms at play have not been fully understood. The discovery suggests the beneficial effects of physical exercise may – in part – come from the epigenetic changes they prompt.

The research team studied a group of healthy young men through a six-week endurance exercise programme.

A biopsy of participants’ thigh muscle was collected before and after the exercise intervention and examined to see whether changes in the epigenetic signature of their DNA occurred as a result of training.

Structure of muscle
Scientists discovered that after completing the endurance training programme, the structure of many enhancers in the skeletal muscle had been altered.

By connecting these enhancers to series of genetic databases, they discovered that many of the regulated enhancers have already been identified by researchers as ‘hotspots’ that have been associated with human disease. These beneficial changes – prompted by exercise – are thought to protect against the development of various diseases.

Brain benefits
The researchers also found that exercise benefited organs that are distant from muscle, such as the brain – they speculate that these additional benefits might have come about as a result of signals released by muscles into the bloodstream.

Epigenetic links
Kristine Williams, lead author of the study, said: “Our data provide evidence of a functional link between epigenetic rewiring of enhancers to control their activity after exercise training and the modulation of disease risk in humans.”

The research was published in the journal Molecular Metabolism.

Professor Romain Barrès, senior author, added: “Our findings provide a mechanism for the known beneficial effects of exercise.

“By connecting each enhancer with a gene, we further provide a list of direct targets that could mediate this effect.”

More: www.HCMmag.com/epigenetic

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2021/26667_490676.jpg
Researchers have established that regular exercise changes the DNA of skeletal muscle cells, reducing the risk of disease
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Boxx has launched a new generation punch bag and smart punch trackers that work with ...
Latest News
The Global Wellness Institute (GWI) and BBC Storyworks have struck up a partnership to create ...
Latest News
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The Women in Fitness Association (WIFA), is partnering with Sport Alliance to undertake a survey ...
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Location and cost are the top considerations for consumers when it comes to choosing a ...
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Exercise has been found to increase levels of endocannabinoids – cannabis-like substances produced by the ...
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Featured supplier news: INTEGRATE INNOVATE INVIGORATE with Power Plate
Moving into a new era of health and wellness, Power Plate has extended their popular Black edition range to enable health clubs and fitness studios to integrate vibration training seamlessly into their facilities.
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Mediana specialises in the manufacture of medical and health care devices, such as body composition ...
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Click on a catalogue to view it online
Directory
trade associations
International SPA Association - iSPA: trade associations
Red Light Therapy
 Red Light Rising: Red Light Therapy
Exercise equipment
Power Plate: Exercise equipment
Wearable technology solutions
MyZone: Wearable technology solutions
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
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Fitlockers: Lockers/interior design
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Premier Software Solutions: Management software
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Welwyn Garden City
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Lilleshall Sports Academy
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Diary dates
01-03 Feb 2022
Coventry Building Society Arena, Coventry, United Kingdom
Diary dates
07-10 Apr 2022
Exhibition Centre , Cologne, Germany
Diary dates
15-16 Jun 2022
ExCeL London, London, United Kingdom
Diary dates
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tbc, Dunedin, New Zealand
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