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British Military Fitness
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British Military Fitness
Health Club Management

Health Club Management

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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

HCM research: Old before their time

Researchers say obesity ‘should be considered as premature ageing’, with some negative effects on the immune system being permanent and not reversible by weight loss

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 3
Obesity damages the immune system and changes tissue and body composition / photo: shutterstock.com
Obesity damages the immune system and changes tissue and body composition / photo: shutterstock.com
The mechanisms by which the comorbidities of obesity and ageing develop are very similar. Later weight reduction will not always reverse the process

Obesity should be classed as a form of premature ageing, due to it predisposing people to acquiring life-altering diseases normally seen in older individuals.

Authors of a study called Obesity and ageing: Two sides of the same coin – by the Concordia University in Canada, reviewed more than 200 papers relating to obesity’s effects on human health.

Using the data from the papers, they looked at the ways obesity ages the body from a number of different perspectives – from the immune system to shifts in tissue and body composition.

The study was led by Sylvia Santosa, associate professor of health, kinesiology and applied physiology in the Concordia University’s Faculty of Arts and Science.

Santosa and her colleagues looked at the processes of cell death and the maintenance of healthy cells – apoptosis and autophagy, respectively – that are usually associated with ageing.

At the genetic level, the researchers found that obesity influences a number of alterations associated with ageing. These include the shortening of telomeres – the protective caps found on the ends of chromosomes.

The effect of obesity
Telomeres in patients with obesity can be more than 25 per cent shorter than those seen in control patients.

The study also suggests that obesity’s effects on cognitive decline, mobility, hypertension and stress are all similar to those of ageing.

“The mechanisms by which the comorbidities of obesity and ageing develop are very similar,” Santosa said.

Researchers concluded that obesity speeds up the ageing of the immune system by targeting different immune cells, and that later weight reduction will not always reverse the process. The effects of obesity on the immune system, in turn, affect susceptibility to diseases like influenza, which can affect patients with obesity at a higher rate than normal-weight individuals.

Obese people are also at higher risk of sarcopenia, a disease associated with ageing, which features a progressive decline in muscle mass and strength.

Individuals with obesity are also more susceptible to diseases associated with later-life onset, such as type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s and various forms of cancer.

Santosa urges health authorities to rethink their approach to obesity, saying: “I’m hoping these observations will focus our approach to understanding obesity better, and allow us to think of it in different ways,” she added.

“We’re asking different types of questions than those which have traditionally been asked,” she concluded.

Obesity and ageing: two sides of the same coin was published in the Obesity Review

http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/2020/75373_49733.jpg
Researchers say obesity should be considered as a form of premature ageing
Concordia University, Sylvia Santosa,Research, Obesity,
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features

HCM research: Old before their time

Researchers say obesity ‘should be considered as premature ageing’, with some negative effects on the immune system being permanent and not reversible by weight loss

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 3
Obesity damages the immune system and changes tissue and body composition / photo: shutterstock.com
Obesity damages the immune system and changes tissue and body composition / photo: shutterstock.com
The mechanisms by which the comorbidities of obesity and ageing develop are very similar. Later weight reduction will not always reverse the process

Obesity should be classed as a form of premature ageing, due to it predisposing people to acquiring life-altering diseases normally seen in older individuals.

Authors of a study called Obesity and ageing: Two sides of the same coin – by the Concordia University in Canada, reviewed more than 200 papers relating to obesity’s effects on human health.

Using the data from the papers, they looked at the ways obesity ages the body from a number of different perspectives – from the immune system to shifts in tissue and body composition.

The study was led by Sylvia Santosa, associate professor of health, kinesiology and applied physiology in the Concordia University’s Faculty of Arts and Science.

Santosa and her colleagues looked at the processes of cell death and the maintenance of healthy cells – apoptosis and autophagy, respectively – that are usually associated with ageing.

At the genetic level, the researchers found that obesity influences a number of alterations associated with ageing. These include the shortening of telomeres – the protective caps found on the ends of chromosomes.

The effect of obesity
Telomeres in patients with obesity can be more than 25 per cent shorter than those seen in control patients.

The study also suggests that obesity’s effects on cognitive decline, mobility, hypertension and stress are all similar to those of ageing.

“The mechanisms by which the comorbidities of obesity and ageing develop are very similar,” Santosa said.

Researchers concluded that obesity speeds up the ageing of the immune system by targeting different immune cells, and that later weight reduction will not always reverse the process. The effects of obesity on the immune system, in turn, affect susceptibility to diseases like influenza, which can affect patients with obesity at a higher rate than normal-weight individuals.

Obese people are also at higher risk of sarcopenia, a disease associated with ageing, which features a progressive decline in muscle mass and strength.

Individuals with obesity are also more susceptible to diseases associated with later-life onset, such as type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s and various forms of cancer.

Santosa urges health authorities to rethink their approach to obesity, saying: “I’m hoping these observations will focus our approach to understanding obesity better, and allow us to think of it in different ways,” she added.

“We’re asking different types of questions than those which have traditionally been asked,” she concluded.

Obesity and ageing: two sides of the same coin was published in the Obesity Review

http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/2020/75373_49733.jpg
Researchers say obesity should be considered as a form of premature ageing
Concordia University, Sylvia Santosa,Research, Obesity,
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Latest News
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The PGA Tour has recently bought 1,000 Whoop bands for its golfers, after PGA Tour ...
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ukactive has announced that Active Uprising and the National Summit are going digital as part ...
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Industry body ukactive has today (1 July) hosted a delegation of government and public health ...
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Featured supplier news
Featured supplier: Let's get restarted: Physical Company offers advice on keeping gym members safe
As countries around the world gear up to relax their lockdown rules, there remains a question mark over gyms and studios, which in many markets will be one of the last sectors to be given the green light.
Video Gallery
Technogym mywellness app
Technogym
Improve your training experience. All your data in a single app. Read more
More videos:
Company profiles
Company profile: Safe Space Lockers
Safe Space have over 25 years of experience in the UK leisure and fitness industry, ...
Company profiles
Company profile: Physical Company Ltd
Physical Company provides specialist fitness solutions. This includes equipment, flooring, gym design, programming and training ...
Catalogue Gallery
Click on a catalogue to view it online
Directory
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
Direct debit solutions
Harlands Group: Direct debit solutions
Exercise equipment
Star Trac / Core Health & Fitness: Exercise equipment
Design consultants
Zynk Design Consultants: Design consultants
Gym flooring
REGUPOL/Berleburger Schaumstoffwerk (BSW): Gym flooring
Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Kemitron GmbH: Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
Wearable technology solutions
MyZone: Wearable technology solutions
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International SPA Association - iSPA: Trade associations
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Servicesport UK Limited: Independent service & maintenance
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Greywell, Hampshire
Barnsgrove Health and Wellness Club
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Derby City Council
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Eastwood Hall, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Diary dates
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Expo Centre & Riviera di Rimini, Italy
Diary dates
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Loews Coronado Bay Resort, Coronado, United States
Diary dates
01-02 Oct 2020
Whittlebury Hall, Whittlebury, United Kingdom
Diary dates
11-12 Oct 2020
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Diary dates
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Pinggu, Beijing, China
Diary dates
27-30 Oct 2020
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Diary dates
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NEC, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Diary dates
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Athena, Leicester, United Kingdom
Diary dates
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IFEMA, Madrid, Spain
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