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Les Mills
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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Research: Improved prognosis

New research from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, has established why people who exercise when suffering from cancer generally have better outcomes

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 10
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer

Cancer sufferers who exercise regularly have a generally better prognosis than inactive patients, but science hadn’t managed to agree why that is, up to this point.

However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found a likely explanation of why exercise helps slow down cancer growth.

Randall Johnson, professor at the department of cell and molecular biology at the Karolinska Institutet, says new evidence points to physical activity changing the metabolism of the immune system’s cytotoxic T cells, thereby improving their ability to attack cancer cells.

Johnson is the author of a study – Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth – which makes the connection. The work was published in the journal eLife.

“The biology behind the positive effects of exercise can provide new insights into how the body maintains health, as well as helping us design and improve treatments against cancer,” said Johnson.

To examine how exercise influences cancer growth, researchers observed two groups of mice – one which exercised regularly and a another that remained inactive.

T cell activation
They measured levels of common metabolites that are produced in muscle at high levels during exertion.

Some of these metabolites, such as lactate, altered the metabolism of the T cells and increased their activity.

The researchers also found that T cells in the exercising group showed an altered metabolism when compared to T cells from the sedentary group.

During the study, it became clear that cancer cell growth slowed and mortality decreased in the trained group, when compared with the results for the untrained group.

The impact of exercise
Helene Rundqvist, the study’s first author and senior researcher at the department of laboratory medicine at the Karolinska Institutet, said: “Our research shows that exercise affects the production of several molecules and metabolites that activate cancer-fighting immune cells and thereby inhibit cancer growth.

“We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer.”

Find out more about this research at: www.HCMmag.com/TCELLS

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2020/208955_938109.jpg
A study from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden suggests exercising can lead to better outcomes in people with cancer
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features

Research: Improved prognosis

New research from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, has established why people who exercise when suffering from cancer generally have better outcomes

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 10
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer

Cancer sufferers who exercise regularly have a generally better prognosis than inactive patients, but science hadn’t managed to agree why that is, up to this point.

However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found a likely explanation of why exercise helps slow down cancer growth.

Randall Johnson, professor at the department of cell and molecular biology at the Karolinska Institutet, says new evidence points to physical activity changing the metabolism of the immune system’s cytotoxic T cells, thereby improving their ability to attack cancer cells.

Johnson is the author of a study – Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth – which makes the connection. The work was published in the journal eLife.

“The biology behind the positive effects of exercise can provide new insights into how the body maintains health, as well as helping us design and improve treatments against cancer,” said Johnson.

To examine how exercise influences cancer growth, researchers observed two groups of mice – one which exercised regularly and a another that remained inactive.

T cell activation
They measured levels of common metabolites that are produced in muscle at high levels during exertion.

Some of these metabolites, such as lactate, altered the metabolism of the T cells and increased their activity.

The researchers also found that T cells in the exercising group showed an altered metabolism when compared to T cells from the sedentary group.

During the study, it became clear that cancer cell growth slowed and mortality decreased in the trained group, when compared with the results for the untrained group.

The impact of exercise
Helene Rundqvist, the study’s first author and senior researcher at the department of laboratory medicine at the Karolinska Institutet, said: “Our research shows that exercise affects the production of several molecules and metabolites that activate cancer-fighting immune cells and thereby inhibit cancer growth.

“We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer.”

Find out more about this research at: www.HCMmag.com/TCELLS

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2020/208955_938109.jpg
A study from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden suggests exercising can lead to better outcomes in people with cancer
Latest News
HCM editor, Liz Terry, has launched a Parliamentary Petition calling for gyms to be in ...
Latest News
The failure to tackle the UK's obesity crisis is down to successive governments being guilty ...
Latest News
Les Mills has launched a new digital content solution to support health and fitness operators ...
Latest News
Gymbox has entered the hospitality space with the signing of a deal to deliver in-room ...
Latest News
Nuffield Health has launched a series of free, online classes focused on emotional wellbeing. The ...
Latest News
Resistance training is just as beneficial for men and women over the age of 50, ...
Latest News
Fitness, sport and leisure sector professionals who have continued to deliver services to their communities ...
Latest News
A national survey has launched to chart the mental health of the fitness and physical ...
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One of England's highest ranking police officers has called on government ministers to clearly define ...
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Virtuagym, a leading provider of fitness technology for gyms and trainers, has announced the launch ...
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Fitness First has launched a new free digital fitness hub, offering users a wide range ...
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promotion
This free webinar on 26 January will see our panellists reflect on the changes to work in 2020, and their priorities for 2021.
Opinion: 2021 is the year to prioritise global culture
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Featured supplier: Primal Strength bolsters Scottish expansion with Matrix Fitness distribution win
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Featured supplier: Core Health & Fitness announces partnership with Énergie Fitness Iberia
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Kemitron GmbH: Hydrotherapy / spa fragrances
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Total Vibration Solutions / TVS Sports Surfaces: Flooring
Member feedback software
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