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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

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UNITING THE WORLD OF FITNESS
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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

features

Research: Improved prognosis

New research from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, has established why people who exercise when suffering from cancer generally have better outcomes

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 10
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer

Cancer sufferers who exercise regularly have a generally better prognosis than inactive patients, but science hadn’t managed to agree why that is, up to this point.

However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found a likely explanation of why exercise helps slow down cancer growth.

Randall Johnson, professor at the department of cell and molecular biology at the Karolinska Institutet, says new evidence points to physical activity changing the metabolism of the immune system’s cytotoxic T cells, thereby improving their ability to attack cancer cells.

Johnson is the author of a study – Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth – which makes the connection. The work was published in the journal eLife.

“The biology behind the positive effects of exercise can provide new insights into how the body maintains health, as well as helping us design and improve treatments against cancer,” said Johnson.

To examine how exercise influences cancer growth, researchers observed two groups of mice – one which exercised regularly and a another that remained inactive.

T cell activation
They measured levels of common metabolites that are produced in muscle at high levels during exertion.

Some of these metabolites, such as lactate, altered the metabolism of the T cells and increased their activity.

The researchers also found that T cells in the exercising group showed an altered metabolism when compared to T cells from the sedentary group.

During the study, it became clear that cancer cell growth slowed and mortality decreased in the trained group, when compared with the results for the untrained group.

The impact of exercise
Helene Rundqvist, the study’s first author and senior researcher at the department of laboratory medicine at the Karolinska Institutet, said: “Our research shows that exercise affects the production of several molecules and metabolites that activate cancer-fighting immune cells and thereby inhibit cancer growth.

“We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer.”

Find out more about this research at: www.HCMmag.com/TCELLS

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2020/208955_938109.jpg
A study from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden suggests exercising can lead to better outcomes in people with cancer
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features

Research: Improved prognosis

New research from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, has established why people who exercise when suffering from cancer generally have better outcomes

Published in Health Club Management 2020 issue 10
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
Exercise has been found to improve cancer outcomes / PHOTO: Dragon Images/shutterstock
We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer

Cancer sufferers who exercise regularly have a generally better prognosis than inactive patients, but science hadn’t managed to agree why that is, up to this point.

However, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found a likely explanation of why exercise helps slow down cancer growth.

Randall Johnson, professor at the department of cell and molecular biology at the Karolinska Institutet, says new evidence points to physical activity changing the metabolism of the immune system’s cytotoxic T cells, thereby improving their ability to attack cancer cells.

Johnson is the author of a study – Cytotoxic T-cells mediate exercise-induced reductions in tumor growth – which makes the connection. The work was published in the journal eLife.

“The biology behind the positive effects of exercise can provide new insights into how the body maintains health, as well as helping us design and improve treatments against cancer,” said Johnson.

To examine how exercise influences cancer growth, researchers observed two groups of mice – one which exercised regularly and a another that remained inactive.

T cell activation
They measured levels of common metabolites that are produced in muscle at high levels during exertion.

Some of these metabolites, such as lactate, altered the metabolism of the T cells and increased their activity.

The researchers also found that T cells in the exercising group showed an altered metabolism when compared to T cells from the sedentary group.

During the study, it became clear that cancer cell growth slowed and mortality decreased in the trained group, when compared with the results for the untrained group.

The impact of exercise
Helene Rundqvist, the study’s first author and senior researcher at the department of laboratory medicine at the Karolinska Institutet, said: “Our research shows that exercise affects the production of several molecules and metabolites that activate cancer-fighting immune cells and thereby inhibit cancer growth.

“We hope these results contribute to a deeper understanding of how our lifestyle impacts our immune system and that this work informs the development of new immunotherapies against cancer.”

Find out more about this research at: www.HCMmag.com/TCELLS

https://www.leisureopportunities.co.uk/images/2020/208955_938109.jpg
A study from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden suggests exercising can lead to better outcomes in people with cancer
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Resistance training is just as beneficial for men and women over the age of 50, ...
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Fitness, sport and leisure sector professionals who have continued to deliver services to their communities ...
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A national survey has launched to chart the mental health of the fitness and physical ...
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One of England's highest ranking police officers has called on government ministers to clearly define ...
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Virtuagym, a leading provider of fitness technology for gyms and trainers, has announced the launch ...
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This free webinar on 26 January will see our panellists reflect on the changes to work in 2020, and their priorities for 2021.
Opinion: 2021 is the year to prioritise global culture
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Featured supplier: Red Light Rising teams up with ITRM Clinic to supply red light therapy for injured athletes
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Company profile: Wexer
Our mission at Wexer is to make world-class exercise accessible to everyone by harnessing the ...
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Click on a catalogue to view it online
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EXF Fitness Equipment: Exercise equipment
Wearable technology solutions
MyZone: Wearable technology solutions
Fitness Software
FunXtion International BV: Fitness Software
Spa software
SpaBooker: Spa software
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Bankside Open Spaces Trust
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Diary dates
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