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LEGAL BRIEFING: Customers will soon be able to ask gyms to transfer their personal data to a competitor

From 2018, individuals will be able to tell their gym to hand their personal data directly to a competitor’s club, without storage of that data. Tom Walker secures a free legal briefing on this change in law

By Tom Walker, Sports Management | Published in Health Club Management 2016 issue 5
Consumers are already used to being able to take their personal workout data with them / shutterstock
Consumers are already used to being able to take their personal workout data with them/ shutterstock

New data protection rules, introduced by the European Commission and coming into force in 2018, could have a big impact on health and fitness businesses.

One of the key items in the regulations involves the transferring of personal, portable data. It stipulates that individuals have the right to have their personal data transferred from one business to another on request, and without storage/processing.

In practice, this means that a health club user who has given over personal information can have that data wholly and safely transferred to a new health club on their request.

We speak to data and sports law firm Couchmans, as well as health and fitness industry experts, on the potential effects of the new legislation.

THE LEGAL BRIEFING

Nick White
Nick White
Nick White,

Head of IP and digital,

Couchmans LLP


With smart technology on the rise, many businesses, including gyms and leisure facilities, are now harvesting vast quantities of data from customers – something that can benefit both customers and businesses. However, new European data protection rules could potentially necessitate a wholesale review of data policies.

In December 2015, the European Parliament, Commission and Council announced new legislation governing data protection. This new General Data Protection Regulation (or GDPR), replaces the outdated data protection laws that have been in place since 1995 and, from 2018, will apply to all businesses that process in any way the data of EU citizens.

Data portability
One of the key elements of the new rules is the right of ‘data portability’. Essentially, this means individuals will have the right – albeit a limited right – to require a business to transfer personal data directly to another business, even where that other business is a competitor.

Gyms, for example, hold individual details such as name, address, contact details, date of birth and bank details. They might also hold data on customers’ weight, height and limited medical information, and possibly even details of the kinds of activity they want to do or the results they want to achieve. The gym may hold other data too, including dates and times of all the customer’s visits and, potentially, detailed exercise plans produced with a PT.

All of this is personal data – but, importantly, not all of it is portable data in the legal sense. Any data not actually provided by the individual to the gym – which would potentially include any exercise plans and usage logs – would be exempt from the portability rule. It will, however, still be covered by the less potent ‘right of access’, which will only require the operator to provide the data to the customer, on request, in electronic format – without the obligation to provide the data direct to another business.

So, the customer’s right to data portability only applies to data that he or she has actually provided to the data controller – in this case the gym.

The customer will have the right to demand that this data be transmitted directly to another operator should they decide to switch gyms.

The legislation does provide that this obligation will only be imposed where such transmissions are ‘technically feasible’, but what this will mean in practice is far from clear at present. The guidance on this should be forthcoming.

New technology
The GDPR also requires a privacy impact assessment (PIA) to be carried out where the introduction of a new process or technology is likely to cause a high risk to personal rights or freedoms. As more fitness operators introduce wearables and other connected devices, they will have to consider carefully whether they first need to conduct a PIA.

The key message for gyms and leisure facilities is that they must endeavour to understand the types of personal data they process, and what regulations currently, and will shortly, apply. There’s no need to worry unduly but, as 2018’s implementation date draws closer, operators should begin to plan now.

"Gyms must endeavour to understand the types of personal data they process, and what regulations apply"

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR GYMS?

Tom Withers
Tom Withers
Tom Withers ,

Managing director ,

Gladstone Health and Leisure


This new legislation is not unexpected. In today’s digital age, consumers are increasingly dependent on their data being passed seamlessly from one business to another, in everything from utilities to banking.

The GDPR extends beyond data portability; it also enshrines the customer’s right to be forgotten. In future, when businesses ask people to share personal details, there will be new rules for obtaining valid consent that will require simple wording and an expiry date. Neither silence nor inactivity will be construed as consent. Depending on the volume of data held, it may be necessary for a company to employ a data protection officer. Clearly, the implications are far-reaching.

At Gladstone, we’re more prepared than most. Data in our membership management systems can already be purged for customers who are no longer active. Consent is actively sought in online joining applications. Bank details can be removed automatically as part of an automated cancellation process. And we already have tools that allow data to be called securely from a database in order to be transferred to a third party.  

Of note on the issue of portability is the proviso that portability should be provided where it is ‘technically feasible’. Gladstone can call and receive data, but transferring it to other businesses would require other systems to be capable of doing the same, and to share a common leisure industry framework. We’re confident that we’ll be able to leverage our software to meet the requirements of the regulations.

"Transferring data to other businesses will require a common leisure industry framework"

Gladstone already actively seeks consent in online joining applications / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM
Gladstone already actively seeks consent in online joining applications / PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Jon Johnston,

Managing director,

Matrix

Jon Johnston
Jon Johnston

Data security is an increasingly big issue. A lot of emphasis is placed on hacked data, but it’s also important for consumers to be protected from businesses trading in their data without adequate protection.

In terms of portability of data, it makes sense to me that a consumer will want to take their personal workout stats with them. A lot of consumer data is now shared between apps anyway – with consumer consent – so it’s natural to want to be able to port data between operators.

Some products are already independent of operators or equipment suppliers, like MyFitnessPal and Netpulse, so it can be relatively easy to move from one connected facility to another and keep continuity. Obviously some operators and suppliers are less open, but I don’t see data portability being a big problem.

"A lot of consumer data is shared between apps anyway, so it’s natural to want to port data between operators" - Jon Johnston

Ben Beevers,

Associate director ,

Everyone Active

Ben Beevers
Ben Beevers

The last five to 10 years have become increasingly data-intensive in delivering services to customers and understanding their behaviours and preferences. It allows us to communicate with them effectively and support their activity.

We work with a data consultancy to ensure our systems are robust and effective, and we’re well placed for these changes in legislation. We believe we already comply with the GDPR principles of transparency for the customer about processing and accountability of data controllers and processors. We have clear privacy policies, data collection statements and measures in place to protect customers’ data. We make these as accessible as possible and detail in simple terms how their data will be managed.

Perhaps the biggest challenges for our industry will lie in obtaining the ‘unambiguous consent’ that the new regulation requires. This could mean the industry gets better at communicating with customers by using less, but better targeted, interaction.

The requirement for data portability could be tricky for complex data. The measure is designed to help customers account-switch, but as there’s no obligation to provide the data in a consistent format, data from one gym provider may not be compatible with the systems of another.

WANT TO KNOW MORE?

For more information on the new data protection regulations, contact Nick White, partner at specialist sports law firm Couchmans LLP – www.couchmansllp.com

White advises sports personalities including Mo Farah, Sir Chris Hoy and Sir Clive Woodward, governing bodies including FIFA, the International Tennis Federation and Basketball England and brands such as Rapha and Skins. nick.white@couchmansllp.com

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Customers will soon be able to ask businesses to transfer their personal data to a competitor. Make sure you're ready for the new legislation
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