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Health Club Management

Health Club Management

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Retention: Reaching capacity

Getting retention right is the key to success in gyms with memberships. Paul Bedford has turned retention into a science. We share case studies and top tips from the latest retention research

By Dr Paul Bedford PhD, Retention Guru | Published in Health Club Management 2019 issue 2
Lifestyle Fitness saw retention improve when they set up a digital retention journey, with emails and videos to guide new users
Lifestyle Fitness saw retention improve when they set up a digital retention journey, with emails and videos to guide new users

etention expert Dr Paul Bedford runs a ‘Zero Zero’ workshop as part of his Retention Academy, which asks operators what would happen if they had zero new members sign up.

“Rather than identifying that they’d eventually lose all their members, most simply recognise they’d be out of business within a few months,” he says.

“The opposite, however, is what if none of them left? The club would quickly reach capacity and start turning people away. That’s why holding onto members is so important.”

Wellington club
Situated on a private college campus, you’d be forgiven for thinking Wellington Health and Fitness Club caters for a young audience. In fact, more than half the Berkshire club’s 2,500 private members (there are also 500 staff members) are over 50, with 820 of those aged 59-79 and 136 between 80-95. Over 350 members are aged between 40-49.

“A staggering 600 have been members between 10-30 years. We have a very loyal group,” says Ian Davis, commercial manager of Wellington College Enterprises, which manages the club. In particular, it has a long-running 50+ group called ‘The Invincibles’, whose 490 members meet three times a week to exercise and socialise.

Embracing this, everyone’s given free membership on their 90th birthday and there’s a celebration for members on their 80th birthday too. “Telling us how important the club is to them is always part of their speech,” says Davis.

“It’s very emotional and ties in with lessons from Paul Bedford on creating clubs within clubs; a community where people have a sense of belonging. Many members have lost their partner and/or live far away from family, so this group provides a lifeline for them.”

While the club’s Net Promoter Score (NPS) may not always reflect this, it’s currently lower than the national average and Davis believes they’re doing a good job. “The key is knowing why the NPS is at the level it is. Our two biggest complaints are that it’s difficult to park; we’ve temporarily lost parking spaces due to building work, and that they can’t book a class; so we’ve capped our membership at 3,000.

“Being grumpy is a privilege of age, but if they’ve scored low they’ll add a positive comment, usually about the staff. For us it’s about eye contact, smiling and talking to the members. We know it works because our NPS tells us so.

“If you look after people they’ll repay you with loyalty. Our annual renewal rates sit at 86 per cent and we have more than 150 people on the waiting list.”

Lifestyle Fitness
A few years ago, Lifestyle Fitness’s retention rate was heavily reliant on contract length and non-targeted engagement activity. Analysis showed that by week four, many members used the gym less than once per month and 15 per cent of online joiners never attended.

“We needed to put measures in place that would have a genuine impact on retention across our mixed portfolio of local authority sites and low cost clubs, says commercial manager, James Lawrence. “Paul Bedford helped us identify a new member journey and create an interaction programme, encouraging members to attend from the start to help build routines.”

“We created a digital retention journey to help new members feel comfortable with what to expect, and set up trigger-based emails, including videos that cover everything from how you enter the club and use the fingerprint system, to where the toilets and changing areas are, so nothing is a surprise.

“Access control informs us who’s visited, so we can tailor the content, tone and frequency of follow up messages around each member’s visit behaviour.

Lawrence continues: “Early emails might suggest a group exercise class and show how to log on and book, what happens in the class and what to bring with them, so they won’t feel out of place. We support the digital side with human interaction; a welcome call to make sure they’ve booked in for an induction. Basically breaking down barriers to attending during those early days.”

Lifestyle Fitness started the programme six months ago, but it’s already boosted new member visit frequency from 1.7 to 2.2 times a week. Lawrence continues: “The additional half a visit has made a huge difference to new member life. The next challenge is maintaining this to impact lifetime membership.

“Our ultimate aim is to offer more flexible membership options; not selling on the basis that they can leave, but reducing barriers to join and providing an excellent service so they stay.”

Ian Davis, Wellington College Enterprises
"If you look after people they’ll repay you with loyalty. Our annual renewal rates sit at 86 per cent and we have more than 150 people on the waiting list"
10 retention tips
It costs operators far less to keep existing members than to constantly find new ones. Implementing these tips could make a big difference to retention rates and revenues

1. Customer visits
On average, 53 per cent of customers visit less than once per week and 20 per cent once a week. How much change can they experience? It’s like going on a diet once every eight days! Around 15 per cent of new members take two weeks to get started, but the longer it takes, the quicker they quit, so getting them to visit is vital.
We need to create routines; a regular fixture in their diary.
Talk to customers about the number of visits that they’re going to make each month, not each week. Encourage them to attend between four and 12 times per month. It’s much easier for them to manage if they’ve got a whole month to achieve it.
Compared to people who visit once a week, members who visit twice per week stay an extra seven months. Two to three visits adds an extra 19 months and three times a week or more results in 28 months of extra membership.

2. Interactions
Members who are ignored are more than twice as likely to cancel than members who are always spoken to. So simply saying hello to them halves the risk of them cancelling.
In fact, both reception and fitness staff speaking to members reduces cancellations by 44 per cent, whilst simply speaking to a member once a month increases the chance of them staying by 20 per cent. Up that to two to three times a month and it increases by 50 per cent. If a member is spoken to on four separate visits each month it jumps by 80 per cent. But these need to be separate visits – three interactions in one visit won’t cut it!

3. Programming
Exercises must directly relate to the member’s goal. They will drop anything they don’t think’s relevant.

4. Goals
People join health clubs to achieve something, so progressing towards their goal impacts retention. The risk of cancellation goes down by 10 per cent for each goal the member makes progress on. This can simply be visits. It doesn’t need to be weight lost or distance run.
There’s a strong association between progression towards goals and whether the member is spoken to. It’s called cognitive bias. The brain has to justify why you’re putting in the effort when nothing’s changing. But if a member is spoken to it feels as though they’re achieving something, building a relationship with the gym team.
Members who report lower progress, but who are always spoken to are 50 per cent less likely to cancel each month, compared to members with low progress and who are never spoken to. If all low progress members were frequently spoken to, 10 percent of cancellations would be avoided.

5. Inductions
A well-structured induction has a big impact on how long a new exerciser stays. During my PhD I studied two groups. Both had a one-hour gym induction/orientation, including goal-setting, how to use the equipment and an exercise programme. But with Group B we added 30 minutes on the gym floor the first week, using reinforcing positive psychological language and behaviour change techniques. An extra 20 minutes the second week and 10 minutes in the third week or fourth week, to build their confidence and competence. Group B stayed an additional seven months.

6. Group training
Some level of group training reduces cancellations by 18 per cent because it creates routines, as the class takes place on a certain day and time. So getting people involved in classes, training with partners or doing small group PT will assist with retention.

7. Contracts
People who commit to 12 months stay longer than those paying month by month. Savvy exercisers are more likely to buy a 12-month agreement because they get a deal and know they’ll use it. Conversely, new exercisers are more likely to buy monthly.
The North America research I carried out for IHRSA found people paying month by month stay for 15 months, compared to 36 months for those on 12 month agreements.

8. Queues
People don’t like empty gyms; a good atmosphere reinforces that they’ve done the right thing, so don’t get hung up on people queuing for equipment, it really has very little impact on member cancellations – just 5 per cent.

9. Marketing
Younger members quit faster than older members – 16- to 24-year-olds have an average 15 months membership, compared to 55 and overs at 22 months. So simply having older customers will increase retention. Over 35s are more likely to be in employment with a fixed location, making it easier to create routine. If all members were at least 35, operators could reduce cancellations by 30 per cent.

10. Distance
Only having to travel five minutes adds an extra 11 months to a membership, so targeted marketing is essential. Aim to attract the people who live close and work nearby to your facility.

If a member is spoken to it helps them feel like they’re achieving something IMAGE COURTESY OF PUREGYM
Member retention
What makes an impact?

Members complete an induction
+ 7 months

Members come at least twice a week
+ 7 months

Five minutes travel time to the gym
+ 11 months

Members are aged 34-35
+ 12 months

Older members stay much longer than younger members. If all members were over 35, cancellations would be cut by 30 per cent
Older members stay much longer than younger members. If all members were over 35, cancellations would be cut by 30 per cent
Members who pay annually stay for more than twice as long as those paying monthly / IMAGE COURTESY OF THIRD SPACE
Members who pay annually stay for more than twice as long as those paying monthly / IMAGE COURTESY OF THIRD SPACE
http://www.leisureopportunities.com/images/imagesX/52460_605720.jpg
'On average, 53 per cent of customers visit the gym less than once per week, and 20 per cent visit once a week. How much change can they experience?' – Retention expert Paul Bedford shares his tips
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